Welcome everyone by name.
Practice the Hand Raising game. Children at this age need to practice hand raising without calling out. We usually start each lesson with a small snack and we practice raising our hands to respond to questions without calling out. We will make statements like, “Raise your hand if you like graham crackers,” or “Raise your hand if you are wearing red today.” We emphasize that they can answer the question not with calling out, but by raising their hands.
Read Brown Bear, Brown Bear What Do You See? to the children. Ask them to look carefully at each page and give details about what Brown Bear sees. Include colors, shapes etc. in their discussion. Ask them what part of their body they used most to enjoy the book–their eyes.
Give them a diagram of the eye (see below-from http://www.littleblots.com) and have look at their own eye in a mirror to see the different parts. You can bring several small dollar store mirrors, or one or two from home to take turns. Explain that Heavenly Father made our eyes with special parts to take care of our sight. Point out how our eyelashes sweep away dust from our eyes, our tears wash dirt from our eyes, our eyelid protects our eyes etc.
Use a flashlight to demonstrate to the children how our pupil opens and closes to let in the right amount of light. You can turn the lights off in the room and have the children look at how your pupils get large (or use mirrors to have them look at their own pupils). Have the children do the Pupils craft. Give each child a copy of the template and have them put the correct sized pupil on each eye. The template shows an eye next to a small light bulb (dim light), and eye next to a medium light bulb (regular light) and an eye next to a large light bulb (bright light). Cut out small, medium and large black circles for the children to glue over the corresponding eye. Point out how wonderful our eyes are and that we should thank Heavenly Father for our eyes.
There are some good children’s videos on Youtube to explain how the eyes work. I liked this one in particular.
Have the children do an easy task like threading loop cereal onto a string, or drawing a features on a blank face on a piece of paper etc. Then have them try to do the same thing with their eyes closed. You could give each child a piece of paper with two head templates (or circles) side by side. Ask them to draw eyes, a nose, mouth, eyebrows on one of the circles to create a face. Then ask them to do the same thing on the other circle with their eyes closed. Have them compare the results. Explain how useful our eyes are for us.
Tell the story of Jesus healing the blind man using pictures, a book or a video. The lds.org site has materials to support this.
Explain that some people can’t see well, or see at all. Show pictures or a video of how someone who is blind can find their way using a seeing eye dog or a cane. Have the children try to find their way across the room with a blindfold on, put obstacles in their way. Encourage them to use their hands, or bring in a stick, dowel or cane for them to use to feel for objects in the way. Demonstrate how to slowly swing the cane in an arc in front of them to find obstacles.
Use pictures of beautiful places in the world, or show a video of beautiful places and ask the children to talk about what they see and how wonderful it is to have eyes to see the beautiful world. You could also have several pictures of things that you keep hidden while you describe them to the children. Ask them to try to imagine what you are describing, and then show them the picture and ask them if that is what they imagined. Help them to think about how hard it is to accurately imagine something you can’t see. (Some examples might be a picture of a fairy tale castle or a picture of an uncommon animal they might not have seen before etc.)
Lastly, you could play a memory game. Have 8-10 common items on a tray covered with a cloth. Tell the children you are going to show them the items for 10 seconds and then cover them up again.The children have to try to remember as many as they can. Do this several times until they “see” everything on the tray.
There are some free apps for the iPad that help children explore the eye, and some game type apps also.
Some images from: